If you are a farmer who owns cows, you’d understand that knowing your cow weight is all but very important. If you don’t know this by now, then luckily for you, I am here to help you right away.
To start us off, I am going to tell you more about a cow’s weight, how to calculate it, and the major pros and cons of doing so. So hang in there until we get through every one of these topics that I will cover.
So how much does a cow weigh? Well, I will show you that in a short while. However, after I am done with that, I’d also love to tell you more about the pros and cons of weighing your cows too.
But first, let me start off by giving the major types of cows that we have around the world today. Take a look!
Types of Cows
There are several ways of classifying the cows that a farmer will have on their farm. These two types include listing the common types of simply going by the two sub-types.
When going with the two main sub-types of cows that you will have on your farm, a farmer categorizes the cows that are on their farm by looking at what the cow is used for.
Basically, cows can be used for the following purposes.
- Milk production
- Meat production
- Meat and milk production
When a cow is used for milk production, it is called a dairy cow. If it is used for meat production, it is called beef cows. However, when your cow is used for both the production of milk and meat, it is called a dual-purpose cow. As such, these make the three main types of cows that you can have in your firm.
Apart from the uses of the cow, there is another classification that focuses more on the common types of cows by location. As such, these cows are named closely to the locality from which they originate.
In so doing, the types of cows that you’ll end up with are about five. They include the following options.
Holsteins come from Germany. They are named after a native German province. They can be black-and-white or sometimes red-and-white. They are good for the production of milk and often weigh about 1,500 pounds when fully grown.
Another common type of cow is Jersey. It originated the Jersey Islands of Britain and averages between 800 and 1,200 pounds when fully mature. This cow is also known for milk production.
The famously red-and-white Ayrshire comes from Scotland. It was commonly known for its large horns. However, most of them are today polled or dehorned. When fully grown, Ayrshires will weigh up to 1,200 pounds.
This one comes from Switzerland, just like its name implies. It comes in tons of colors, and an average cow will weigh somewhere between 1,300 and 1,400 pounds. Today, Brown Swiss is commonly found in the United States around Wisconsin, Iowa, and Ohio.
Another common type of cow is the light brown right to golden breed, Guernsey. This cow breed hails right from the Channel Islands that lie between Britain and France. When grown, the cow averages at 1,400 pounds and produces distinctive golden milk.
Now that we have seen the types of cows that we have let us take a look at how much weight your cow has. In this, I will give you three methods for determining the weight of a cow on your farm.
Method I: Electronic Scale
With technology highly advanced, now electronic scales have been devised to make the process of cow weighing an easy one. As such, they are the most commonly used cow weight methods on many farms.
However, since some rural areas around the world have small scale farmers who may never afford an electronic scale, the use of such scales still experience a few bottlenecks from time to time.
Thankfully, there isn’t any course to worry about as we have many other cow weighing methods that they can use.
Method II: Weight Band
A weight band is used to measure the weight of a cow in an area where there is no electric scale. This band comes in the form of a belt or tape, which is placed around specific body parts of the cow, and that will measure and then convert lengths (cm) into weight (kg). You can then convert the weight into pounds.
Method III: Use of Height, Width, and Girth
This is the final method for measuring the weight of a cow. It uses a tape that passes around the heart girth and which takes both the height and the width of the cow. In turn, a firm uses the information to get the weight of the cow.
Pros of Cow Weight Measuring
There are many reasons as to why a farmer should measure the weight of their cow. These reasons include the following.
- The weight helps in the assessment of the reproductive efficiency and also the growth performance of your cow.
- Weight also helps in measuring the correct dosage of any pharmaceutical dosage for the treatment of animal diseases in the prevention of either underdosing or overdosing.
- Weight also helps to determine the correct amounts of feed and helps to prevent underfeeding or overfeeding.
- The weight helps you to determine the health status of your cow in relation to the age of the cow at any given time.
- Weight also helps to determine the weaning time and the possible values of your cow in the market.
Cons of Cow Weight Measuring
The only disadvantage of taking a cow’s weight is this. If taken wrongly, it might lead to overfeeding, underfeeding, overdosing, or underdosing. So get an expert to help.
So how much does a cow weigh? Knowing the weight of a cow is important if you don’t want to lose any money. However, the use of body measurement is the most practical way to do this. It is cheaper and faster.