Like any other animal around your farm, knowing the weight of your horse is very important. It will help you to understand how the horse is doing and what you can do to boost their well-being.
So how much does a horse weigh? Well, before I get into that, I would love first to highlight some information that I feel is very vital. As such, I will explain to you the types of horses that we have before I can show you how to take the weight of your horse.
Nonetheless, I will also give you both the advantages and disadvantages of measuring the weight of your horse. And with that said, let’s dig into what I have in store right away!
Types of Horses
Let us start by looking at the major types of horses that we have. As it stands, I will look at the five major types of horses that you are likely to meet. They are easy to spot and won’t take you through any hassle. Please take a look at what I have for you.
These ones were bred to either carry or pull heavy loads. Draft horses are tall, strong, sturdy, and heavy. On average, a draft horse will weigh about 1600 lbs. And will stand over 16 hands tall. Draft horses can also pull twice their personal weight even though for short distances.
The examples of draft horses may include Percheron, Shire Suffolk, Belgian, and the Clydesdales.
Unlike the draft horses, light horses are bred for speed and agility. They are also known for high endurance, better of course riding. As such, these horses are used for almost every form of pleasurable riding and, among other things, racing.
Light horses may vary in height, size, weight, color, and build; however, they have one thing in common. They are bred to be used under a saddle. We have the American Quarter horse, Paints, Rocky Mountain horse, Pintos, and Polo Ponies among these horses.
Like the light horses, gaited horses are also bred for riding. In fact, they are the smoothest riders yet. They practice the three gates perfectly. They will walk, trot, and gallop.
More importantly, they will also pace, do the stepping pace, take up the running walk, foxtrot, the rack, and above all, the slow gate. In history, these were the gentlemen’s ride and were associated with generals, plantation owners, and wealthy homeowners.
Warm Blood Horses
These types of horses, like their names suggest, are middleweight horses that come from the cross of the cold blood draft horses and that of the hot blood light horses.
As such, you’ll get a tall, strong, and athletic horse. The horse will also have a sensible attitude and low temperament. These are the horses that today dominate the dressage, harness, jumping, and the equestrian Olympic sports.
Among them are the Selle Francaise, Dutch Warmblood, Trakehner, Hanoverian, and the Holsteiner.
A pony, as defined in the dictionary, is a horse that measures under 14.2 hands (1 hand equal 4 inches). Today, there are so many breeds of ponies, and most experts group them at over a hundred breeds.
Ponies are bred for almost every type of work. They can be used for packing, pulling, jumping, riding, plowing, and ranch work.
NOTE: There are over 300 breeds of horses in the world today. However, all of them can be easily classified into the top five groups that I have given you above. So, keep in mind these top five sub-types whenever you intend to learn about horses.
How Much Does a Horse Weigh?
Now that we have seen the major types of horses, it is time to know how much weight a horse should have. Typically, a full-grown horse will weigh between 380 kg and 1000 kg. This should put the average weight of a grown horse between 900 and 2000 pounds.
While some horses may go up to 1 ton, it is important to determine the best way to weigh your horse irrespective of their size.
Getting the Weight of Your Horse: How to Measure a Horse’s Weight
And to determine the weight of your horse, here is what you should do. First, understand that there are many methods that you can use. So how much does a horse weight go for?
The first method that you can use to weight your horse is the use of a livestock scale. These ones are often used by vets. They can be electronic, portable, or stationery scales.
Using the Horse’s Body
The next method that is also used to measure the weight of the horse is the use of its body. Approximate weight is often found using s special type of tape. These weight tapes are inexpensive and come with simple to follow user manuals.
They will measure around the heart girth, the height, and the width of the horse before approximating the weight. However, they aren’t very accurate, and they won’t consider other things such as body type and fat to muscle ratio.
Estimating The Horse’s Weight
The general rule for estimating the weight of a horse is simple. Once you have taken the measurements using the special tape. You will use the following formula (girth x girth x body length ÷ 300 = Horse’s weight). This is the most conventional method for estimating the weight of your horse.
Another ideal method is the use of a truck scale. However, this one requires you to load your horse on the back of your trailer. You can then take the weight of the trailer plus the horse and then that of the trailer alone. Subsequently, you can subtract the trailer’s weight from that of the “trailer+horse,” and the difference is the weight of the horse.
Importance of Measuring Horse Weight
There are so many reasons why you should measure the weight of your horse. Just like in any other livestock, the reasons will include the following:
Weight measurement helps you to take into consideration the changes in weight that the horse might have. In doing so, you will easily track the health or your horse.
Horses are fed depending on their weight and also their size. Measuring the weight determines the amount of feed that your horse should have. It is the best way to get the right food ratios for your type of horse.
Like humans, the dosage of a horse’s medication depends more on the weight or health of the horse. Making sure that you have the right weight for your horse makes it easy for you to prevent overdosing or under-dosing your horse.
Again before horses are sold, their value is usually determined by their health. The weight is one of the major factors that is used to determine the market price of the horse.
Again, the weight of the horse is also used to determine how ideal a horse is for reproduction. It is one of the factors that will give you a great pointer to the disease-resistant horse breeds versus the vulnerable breeds.
Finally, when the horse is experiencing a growth spat, the weight of the horse is used to determine the weaning time for the horse. It will give you the right time to start weaning so that the horse isn’t underfed.
Disadvantages of Horse Weight Measuring
Apart from the advantages of measuring the weight of the horse, here are some of the disadvantages.
First, some of the horse measurement techniques, such as the use of tapes, won’t put into consideration the fat to muscle ratio. Secondly, every measuring technique is prone to human error. And above all that any error can still lead to either over/under dosage or over/underfeeding.
NOTE: There are many reasons that will force you to take the weight of your horse. Even so, you’ll have to be very vigilant. Make sure that you take the right measurement, track your horse’s weight, or simply hire an expert if you don’t have a clue of how to take the weight.
When all is said and done, how much does a horse weigh? Well, now you know the best ways that you can use to measure the weight of your horse. Focus on the one that proves easy for you and keep your horse in the best health.
You will be able to determine the weight, the value, feeding routine, and, more importantly, the best way toad mister medication in case your horse is sick or requires a vaccine.
This is why most people who take the weight of their horse will have a healthy horse. They will also find their horse easy to take, and more importantly, they will save so much on emergencies too.